GMBSLG 2300 : 2300 | LUBPAA2 1156 : 36 | LUBPAA4 859 : 17 | LUBPAA5 776 : 20 | LUBPDD5 752 : 2 | LUWL3 1253 : 1253 | LWBP1 1429 : 54 | LWBP2 1381 : 9 | LWJM2 836 : 16 | LWJM3 755 : 8 | LWJM4 751 : 19 | LWSD3 1240 : 23 | LWSD4 1006 : 50 | LWSD4 813 : 18 | UBM6 926 : 6 | UBM7 875 : 10 | UBM8 845 : 5 | UBM9 825 : 2 | UGJQ1 2150 : 40 | UGJQ1 2361 : 64 | UGJQ2 1610 : 18 | UHRA3 1860 : 0 | UHRA4 1820 : 0 | UHRA5 1735 : 5 | UIB6 1004 : 1 | UIB7 955 : 8 | UJM6 1004 : 4 | UJM7 956 : 1 | UKF7 915 : 15 | UKF9 823 : 3 | UKFUG 825 : 28 | UKW3 1260 : 1260 | UKW6 1054 : 4 | USDA6 1203 : 1203 | USDAQ1 1913 : 23 | USDE6 926 : 4 | USKUG 825 : 25 | UYCAQ1 2365 : 0 | UYCAQ2 2002 : 2 | WKWQ2 1020 : 30 | WSDAQ1 1526 : 27 | WSDAQ2 1263 : 5 | WSDBQ1 1262 : 1 | WYCA3 1205 : 23 | WYCA4 900 : 0 | WYCAQ1 1890 : 90 | RWPA5 1816 : 64 | RWPA5 1830 : 10 | RWPA5 1830 : 10 | RWPALG 1790 : 40 | RWPALG 1796 : 4 | RWPALG 1799 : 1 | WHGS2 4747 : 29 | WHGS2 4744 : 96 | WHGS2 4800 : 80 | WHGS2 4697 : 3 | WHGS2 4707 : 3 | WHGS3 4700 : 100 | WHGS3 4743 : 7 | WHGS3 4781 : 48 | WHGS3 4672 : 6 | WHGS3 4490 : 60 | WHGS4 4588 : 12 | WHGS4 4598 : 6 | WHGS4 4550 : 48 | WHGSUG 4453 : 53 | WWSS3 4481 : 30 | WWSS4 4000 : 4000 | WWSS4 4400 : 100 | WWSS4 4400 : 0 | WWSS4 4450 : 21 | WWSS5 4349 : 1 | WWSSUG 4000 : 4000 | WWSSUG 4250 : 50 | WWSSUG 4302 : 2 | SBAS2 1270 : 45 | SBAS3 1250 : 38 | SBGJ2 1334 : 7 | SBGJ3 1320 : 3 | SBGO3 1330 : 10


Coffee is a beverage obtained from coffee plant’s fruit called cherry. The coffee plant refers to any type of tree in the genus madder family which is actually a tropical evergreen shrub that has the potential to grow 100 feet tall. Coffea arabica and Coffea robusta are the two most commonly cultivated species of coffee plant having economic significance. Arabica accounts for about 70 percent of the world's coffee production. Robusta coffee trees represent about 30 percent of the world's market.

The coffee trees grow well in tropical regions with abundant rainfall, year-round warm temperatures with no frost. The coffee tree needs an average temperature between 17° C to 23° C with abundant precipitation and good soil conditions for good growth. The coffee plant produces its first full crop of beans at about 5 years old and then remains productive for about 15 years.

 Domestic Scenario: Ethiopia is known to be the birth place for coffee. Coffee is the major export commodity cultivated in Ethiopia. Coffee grown in Ethiopia is known all over the world for it excellent quality and flavor. Today, Ethiopia stands as the biggest coffee producer and exporter in Africa and amongest the leading in the world.

Coffee Varieties: The type and grade of coffee is highly diverse in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is the producer for the several renowned varieties of coffee including Sidama, Yirgacheffe, jimma and Harar. Apart from these, there are several other famous varieties that Ethiopia produces. The Ethiopian coffee is processed in two ways, washed processing and the sundried processing.

Commercialization: The crop of coffee is the major earner of foreign exchange for the country. It is the primary exportable commodity that earns the valuable foreign exchange for the country. However, coffee is also having a vibrant domestic market.

Prices: Coffee prices exhibited high inter year variations from season to season. These variations are a combined effect of the factors reflecting domestic supply and the periodic trends of the global coffee demand and supply situations. Also the variation can be seen between different varieties and grades of the coffee also. Some varieties like the yeirgacheffe and sidama command considerable premium in the International markets. 

ECX Coffee Contracts approved by ECEA March 29 2018.pdf