GMBS2 6691 : 291 | LUBPAA1 1941 : 110 | LUBPAA2 1930 : 6 | LUBPAA3 1753 : 71 | LUBPAA4 1632 : 42 | LWBP2 2097 : 77 | LWBP4 1770 : 47 | LWJM1 1804 : 154 | LWSD2 1910 : 123 | LWSD3 1620 : 31 | UBM7 1642 : 0 | UBM8 1625 : 0 | UGJQ1 2580 : 118 | UGJQ2 2411 : 74 | UGJQ2 2342 : 40 | UHRA4 2726 : 0 | UHRA5 2664 : 0 | UHRB6 2264 : 0 | UHRB7 2242 : 0 | UHRC6 2213 : 0 | UIB6 1797 : 0 | UIB6 1797 : 0 | UIB7 1739 : 0 | UIB7 1739 : 0 | UJM6 1797 : 0 | UJM7 1739 : 0 | UKF4 1800 : 0 | UKF6 1659 : 0 | UKF7 1642 : 0 | UKF8 1625 : 0 | UKFQ1 2419 : 0 | UKW3 2179 : 0 | UKW4 1938 : 0 | UKW6 1797 : 0 | USDA5 1893 : 77 | USDA7 1872 : 0 | UYCA4 2044 : 0 | UYCA5 1924 : 12 | UYCB7 1836 : 0 | WGJQ1 2754 : 0 | WGJQ1 2754 : 0 | WKFQ1 2476 : 0 | WSDA3 2483 : 0 | WSDAQ1 2728 : 0 | WSDAQ2 2598 : 0 | WSDC3 1849 : 0 | WYCA3 2407 : 0 | WYCAQ1 2754 : 0 | WYCAQ2 2599 : 0 | RKBSA1 3529 : 110 | RKBSA2 3450 : 2 | RKBSDA3 3334 : 8 | RWPA3 2929 : 10 | RWPA3 2929 : 2 | RWPALG 2651 : 7 | WHGS2 5705 : 41 | WHGS2 5705 : 41 | WHGS3 5580 : 38 | WHGS3 5580 : 38 | WHGS3 5580 : 38 | WWSS3 5558 : 38 | WWSS4 5437 : 37 | WWSS5 5250 : 32 | BRDC4 3900 : 100 | BRDC5 3800 : 3800 | SBWO4 2671 : 90


Coffee is a beverage obtained from coffee plant’s fruit called cherry. The coffee plant refers to any type of tree in the genus madder family which is actually a tropical evergreen shrub that has the potential to grow 100 feet tall. Coffea arabica and Coffea robusta are the two most commonly cultivated species of coffee plant having economic significance. Arabica accounts for about 70 percent of the world's coffee production. Robusta coffee trees represent about 30 percent of the world's market.

The coffee trees grow well in tropical regions with abundant rainfall, year-round warm temperatures with no frost. The coffee tree needs an average temperature between 17° C to 23° C with abundant precipitation and good soil conditions for good growth. The coffee plant produces its first full crop of beans at about 5 years old and then remains productive for about 15 years.

 Domestic Scenario: Ethiopia is known to be the birth place for coffee. Coffee is the major export commodity cultivated in Ethiopia. Coffee grown in Ethiopia is known all over the world for it excellent quality and flavor. Today, Ethiopia stands as the biggest coffee producer and exporter in Africa and amongest the leading in the world.

Coffee Varieties: The type and grade of coffee is highly diverse in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is the producer for the several renowned varieties of coffee including Sidama, Yirgacheffe, jimma and Harar. Apart from these, there are several other famous varieties that Ethiopia produces. The Ethiopian coffee is processed in two ways, washed processing and the sundried processing.

Commercialization: The crop of coffee is the major earner of foreign exchange for the country. It is the primary exportable commodity that earns the valuable foreign exchange for the country. However, coffee is also having a vibrant domestic market.

Prices: Coffee prices exhibited high inter year variations from season to season. These variations are a combined effect of the factors reflecting domestic supply and the periodic trends of the global coffee demand and supply situations. Also the variation can be seen between different varieties and grades of the coffee also. Some varieties like the yeirgacheffe and sidama command considerable premium in the International markets. 

ECX Coffee Contracts approved by ECEA March 29 2018.pdf