GMBS2 2664 : 101 | GMBS3 2664 : 53 | GMBS3 2664 : 53 | LUBPAA1 1716 : 116 | LUBPAA2 1401 : 38 | LUBPAA3 1187 : 2 | LUBPAA4 1029 : 45 | LUBPAA5 932 : 7 | LUBPDD5 807 : 2 | LWBP1 1880 : 197 | LWBP2 1748 : 62 | LWJM1 1400 : 107 | UBM4 1300 : 60 | UBM6 1200 : 32 | UBM8 1080 : 5 | UGJQ1 2911 : 11 | UHRA4 2620 : 30 | UHRB4 2420 : 10 | UHRB5 2350 : 13 | UHRC5 2050 : 15 | UIB6 1278 : 1 | UIB6 1276 : 7 | UIB7 1221 : 2 | UIB7 1211 : 12 | UJM6 1271 : 1 | UJM7 1204 : 8 | USDC3 1650 : 1650 | USDE6 1265 : 13 | USK9 995 : 5 | WGDQ2 1596 : 135 | WGJQ1 2600 : 200 | WKWQ2 1650 : 0 | WSDAQ1 2380 : 0 | WSDCQ1 1800 : 5 | WYCAQ1 2832 : 179 | RKBGA5 1633 : 1633 | RWPA3 2213 : 44 | RWPA4 2213 : 44 | RWPA4 2213 : 44 | RWPA4 2213 : 44 | RWPA5 2213 : 44 | RWPA5 2213 : 44 | RWPALG 2213 : 44 | RWPALG 2213 : 44 | RWPALG 2213 : 44 | RDSS4 4318 : 66 | WHGS2 4318 : 86 | WHGS2 4318 : 86 | WHGS2 4318 : 86 | WHGS2 4318 : 86 | WHGS2 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS4 4318 : 86 | WHGS4 4318 : 86 | WHGS4 4318 : 86 | WHGS4 4318 : 86 | WHGS4 4318 : 86 | WHGS4 4318 : 86 | WHGSUG 4157 : 75 | WHGSUG 4318 : 86 | WWSS3 4028 : 80 | WWSS3 4028 : 80 | WWSS3 4028 : 80 | WWSS4 4028 : 80 | WWSS4 4028 : 80 | WWSS4 4028 : 80 | WWSS4 4028 : 80 | WWSS5 4028 : 80 | WWSS5 4028 : 80 | WWSS5 4028 : 80 | WWSS5 4028 : 80 | WWSS5 4028 : 80 | WWSSUG 4028 : 80 | WWSSUG 4028 : 80 | CRKCA2 1930 : 1930 | CRKCA3 1930 : 1930 | SBAS2 1279 : 50 | SBAS3 1279 : 50 | SBGJ2 1279 : 50 | SBGJ3 1279 : 50 | SBGJ4 1279 : 50 | SBGJLG 1279 : 50 | SBWO4 1279 : 50 | SBWOLG 1279 : 50


Coffee is a beverage obtained from coffee plant’s fruit called cherry. The coffee plant refers to any type of tree in the genus madder family which is actually a tropical evergreen shrub that has the potential to grow 100 feet tall. Coffea arabica and Coffea robusta are the two most commonly cultivated species of coffee plant having economic significance. Arabica accounts for about 70 percent of the world's coffee production. Robusta coffee trees represent about 30 percent of the world's market.

The coffee trees grow well in tropical regions with abundant rainfall, year-round warm temperatures with no frost. The coffee tree needs an average temperature between 17° C to 23° C with abundant precipitation and good soil conditions for good growth. The coffee plant produces its first full crop of beans at about 5 years old and then remains productive for about 15 years.

 Domestic Scenario: Ethiopia is known to be the birth place for coffee. Coffee is the major export commodity cultivated in Ethiopia. Coffee grown in Ethiopia is known all over the world for it excellent quality and flavor. Today, Ethiopia stands as the biggest coffee producer and exporter in Africa and amongest the leading in the world.

Coffee Varieties: The type and grade of coffee is highly diverse in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is the producer for the several renowned varieties of coffee including Sidama, Yirgacheffe, jimma and Harar. Apart from these, there are several other famous varieties that Ethiopia produces. The Ethiopian coffee is processed in two ways, washed processing and the sundried processing.

Commercialization: The crop of coffee is the major earner of foreign exchange for the country. It is the primary exportable commodity that earns the valuable foreign exchange for the country. However, coffee is also having a vibrant domestic market.

Prices: Coffee prices exhibited high inter year variations from season to season. These variations are a combined effect of the factors reflecting domestic supply and the periodic trends of the global coffee demand and supply situations. Also the variation can be seen between different varieties and grades of the coffee also. Some varieties like the yeirgacheffe and sidama command considerable premium in the International markets. 

ECX Coffee Contracts approved by ECEA March 29 2018.pdf