GMBS2 2664 : 101 | GMBS3 2664 : 53 | GMBS3 2664 : 53 | LUBPAA1 1716 : 116 | LUBPAA2 1401 : 38 | LUBPAA3 1187 : 2 | LUBPAA4 1029 : 45 | LUBPAA5 932 : 7 | LUBPDD5 807 : 2 | LWBP1 1880 : 197 | LWBP2 1748 : 62 | LWJM1 1400 : 107 | UBM4 1300 : 60 | UBM6 1200 : 32 | UBM8 1080 : 5 | UGJQ1 2911 : 11 | UHRA4 2620 : 30 | UHRB4 2420 : 10 | UHRB5 2350 : 13 | UHRC5 2050 : 15 | UIB6 1278 : 1 | UIB6 1276 : 7 | UIB7 1221 : 2 | UIB7 1211 : 12 | UJM6 1271 : 1 | UJM7 1204 : 8 | USDC3 1650 : 1650 | USDE6 1265 : 13 | USK9 995 : 5 | WGDQ2 1596 : 135 | WGJQ1 2600 : 200 | WKWQ2 1650 : 0 | WSDAQ1 2380 : 0 | WSDCQ1 1800 : 5 | WYCAQ1 2832 : 179 | RKBGA5 1633 : 1633 | RWPA3 2213 : 44 | RWPA4 2213 : 44 | RWPA4 2213 : 44 | RWPA4 2213 : 44 | RWPA5 2213 : 44 | RWPA5 2213 : 44 | RWPALG 2213 : 44 | RWPALG 2213 : 44 | RWPALG 2213 : 44 | RDSS4 4318 : 66 | WHGS2 4318 : 86 | WHGS2 4318 : 86 | WHGS2 4318 : 86 | WHGS2 4318 : 86 | WHGS2 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS3 4318 : 86 | WHGS4 4318 : 86 | WHGS4 4318 : 86 | WHGS4 4318 : 86 | WHGS4 4318 : 86 | WHGS4 4318 : 86 | WHGS4 4318 : 86 | WHGSUG 4157 : 75 | WHGSUG 4318 : 86 | WWSS3 4028 : 80 | WWSS3 4028 : 80 | WWSS3 4028 : 80 | WWSS4 4028 : 80 | WWSS4 4028 : 80 | WWSS4 4028 : 80 | WWSS4 4028 : 80 | WWSS5 4028 : 80 | WWSS5 4028 : 80 | WWSS5 4028 : 80 | WWSS5 4028 : 80 | WWSS5 4028 : 80 | WWSSUG 4028 : 80 | WWSSUG 4028 : 80 | CRKCA2 1930 : 1930 | CRKCA3 1930 : 1930 | SBAS2 1279 : 50 | SBAS3 1279 : 50 | SBGJ2 1279 : 50 | SBGJ3 1279 : 50 | SBGJ4 1279 : 50 | SBGJLG 1279 : 50 | SBWO4 1279 : 50 | SBWOLG 1279 : 50


Domestic Scenario: Ethiopia is known to be the center or origin and diversity for cultivated sesame. Sesame seed is one of the oilseed crops grown in Ethiopia. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world. Today, India and China are the world's largest producers of sesame, followed by Burma, Sudan, Mexico, Nigeria, Venezuela, Turkey, Uganda and Ethiopia.

Product Varieties: The improved varieties of sesame seen in use in the country include Adi, Abasena, Qelfo 74, Mehado-80, Argene, Terkamo, E, S, T-85 and Tate.

Agro-Ecological Conditions: The growth of sesame is indeterminant, as the plant continues to produce leaves and flowers so longs as the weather permits. Weighing roughly one ounce each, seeds of lighter colors are considered of higher quality. Sesame is drought tolerant though not tolerant of water logging.

While it has the potential to grow in different parts of the country, sesame grows mainly in the northern and northwestern regions of Ethiopia (Humera and Wellega). For areas with shorter rainy season periods, the planting period should fall immediately after the onset of the rainy period (June to mid-September). The planting period for areas with longer rainy seasons (late May to October) the planting period should fall in the middle of that period, during which the farmer can benefit from both the rain and sun. Additionally, sesame seed can grow well in lowland/humid areas with altitudes of up to 1,250m with preferred rainfall of 500-800mm.

Domestic Production: In 2005/06, Ethiopia's volume of main season sesame seed production was .16 million tons. During the same year, sesame seed accounted for 1.2 % of major crops production (including oilseeds and pulses). For the period, 1998/99-2005/06, main season production of sesame seed, on average, accounted for 0.5% of total national major crop production that includes cereals, pulses and oilseeds. In the last five years, the main season yield of sesame seed has reached a high of .89 tons per hectare.

Commercialization: Crop utilization survey data shows that, of the total national production of sesame seed, 32.31% was utilized for household consumption, 57.66% for sale; while the balance was used for seed, wage in kind, and animal feed.

In general, research result shows that, excluding the volume of grain set aside for consumption, seed and feed, 28% of total grain production (including oilseeds and pulses) is marketed, of which 40% is accounted for by oil seed crops in general.

Global Scenario: Ethiopia is a major sesame seed exporter in the world market. In 2005/06 Ethiopia exported 237, 565 tons valued at about 197.9 million USD (84 million Birr), accounting for roughly 94% of the total export earning from oilseeds and 19% of total national export earning. This increase in global demand has turned the highly domestic consumption item into an important export commodity. The world production of sesame seed, in 2004, reached 3.3 million tons in 2004, with world exports totaling 802,063 /valued at 650 million USD/ and volume of world imports reaching 903,368 tons /valued at 846 million USD/.

Prices: Sesame seed wholesale prices exhibited high intra and inter year variations during 2004-2006, reflecting domestic supply and the periodic trends of the global sesame seed demand and supply situations. For instance, available intra-year wholesale price variation /highest and lowest/ for the Gonder market in 2005 was 17%.

ECX Sesame C approved by the ECEA Dec 2019.pdf