GMBS2 6691 : 291 | LUBPAA1 1941 : 110 | LUBPAA2 1930 : 6 | LUBPAA3 1753 : 71 | LUBPAA4 1632 : 42 | LWBP2 2097 : 77 | LWBP4 1770 : 47 | LWJM1 1804 : 154 | LWSD2 1910 : 123 | LWSD3 1620 : 31 | UBM7 1642 : 0 | UBM8 1625 : 0 | UGJQ1 2580 : 118 | UGJQ2 2411 : 74 | UGJQ2 2342 : 40 | UHRA4 2726 : 0 | UHRA5 2664 : 0 | UHRB6 2264 : 0 | UHRB7 2242 : 0 | UHRC6 2213 : 0 | UIB6 1797 : 0 | UIB6 1797 : 0 | UIB7 1739 : 0 | UIB7 1739 : 0 | UJM6 1797 : 0 | UJM7 1739 : 0 | UKF4 1800 : 0 | UKF6 1659 : 0 | UKF7 1642 : 0 | UKF8 1625 : 0 | UKFQ1 2419 : 0 | UKW3 2179 : 0 | UKW4 1938 : 0 | UKW6 1797 : 0 | USDA5 1893 : 77 | USDA7 1872 : 0 | UYCA4 2044 : 0 | UYCA5 1924 : 12 | UYCB7 1836 : 0 | WGJQ1 2754 : 0 | WGJQ1 2754 : 0 | WKFQ1 2476 : 0 | WSDA3 2483 : 0 | WSDAQ1 2728 : 0 | WSDAQ2 2598 : 0 | WSDC3 1849 : 0 | WYCA3 2407 : 0 | WYCAQ1 2754 : 0 | WYCAQ2 2599 : 0 | RKBSA1 3529 : 110 | RKBSA2 3450 : 2 | RKBSDA3 3334 : 8 | RWPA3 2929 : 10 | RWPA3 2929 : 2 | RWPALG 2651 : 7 | WHGS2 5705 : 41 | WHGS2 5705 : 41 | WHGS3 5580 : 38 | WHGS3 5580 : 38 | WHGS3 5580 : 38 | WWSS3 5558 : 38 | WWSS4 5437 : 37 | WWSS5 5250 : 32 | BRDC4 3900 : 100 | BRDC5 3800 : 3800 | SBWO4 2671 : 90


Domestic Scenario: Ethiopia is known to be the center or origin and diversity for cultivated sesame. Sesame seed is one of the oilseed crops grown in Ethiopia. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world. Today, India and China are the world's largest producers of sesame, followed by Burma, Sudan, Mexico, Nigeria, Venezuela, Turkey, Uganda and Ethiopia.

Product Varieties: The improved varieties of sesame seen in use in the country include Adi, Abasena, Qelfo 74, Mehado-80, Argene, Terkamo, E, S, T-85 and Tate.

Agro-Ecological Conditions: The growth of sesame is indeterminant, as the plant continues to produce leaves and flowers so longs as the weather permits. Weighing roughly one ounce each, seeds of lighter colors are considered of higher quality. Sesame is drought tolerant though not tolerant of water logging.

While it has the potential to grow in different parts of the country, sesame grows mainly in the northern and northwestern regions of Ethiopia (Humera and Wellega). For areas with shorter rainy season periods, the planting period should fall immediately after the onset of the rainy period (June to mid-September). The planting period for areas with longer rainy seasons (late May to October) the planting period should fall in the middle of that period, during which the farmer can benefit from both the rain and sun. Additionally, sesame seed can grow well in lowland/humid areas with altitudes of up to 1,250m with preferred rainfall of 500-800mm.

Domestic Production: In 2005/06, Ethiopia's volume of main season sesame seed production was .16 million tons. During the same year, sesame seed accounted for 1.2 % of major crops production (including oilseeds and pulses). For the period, 1998/99-2005/06, main season production of sesame seed, on average, accounted for 0.5% of total national major crop production that includes cereals, pulses and oilseeds. In the last five years, the main season yield of sesame seed has reached a high of .89 tons per hectare.

Commercialization: Crop utilization survey data shows that, of the total national production of sesame seed, 32.31% was utilized for household consumption, 57.66% for sale; while the balance was used for seed, wage in kind, and animal feed.

In general, research result shows that, excluding the volume of grain set aside for consumption, seed and feed, 28% of total grain production (including oilseeds and pulses) is marketed, of which 40% is accounted for by oil seed crops in general.

Global Scenario: Ethiopia is a major sesame seed exporter in the world market. In 2005/06 Ethiopia exported 237, 565 tons valued at about 197.9 million USD (84 million Birr), accounting for roughly 94% of the total export earning from oilseeds and 19% of total national export earning. This increase in global demand has turned the highly domestic consumption item into an important export commodity. The world production of sesame seed, in 2004, reached 3.3 million tons in 2004, with world exports totaling 802,063 /valued at 650 million USD/ and volume of world imports reaching 903,368 tons /valued at 846 million USD/.

Prices: Sesame seed wholesale prices exhibited high intra and inter year variations during 2004-2006, reflecting domestic supply and the periodic trends of the global sesame seed demand and supply situations. For instance, available intra-year wholesale price variation /highest and lowest/ for the Gonder market in 2005 was 17%.

ECX Sesame C approved by the ECEA Dec 2019.pdf