GMBSLG 2300 : 2300 | LUBPAA2 1156 : 36 | LUBPAA4 859 : 17 | LUBPAA5 776 : 20 | LUBPDD5 752 : 2 | LUWL3 1253 : 1253 | LWBP1 1429 : 54 | LWBP2 1381 : 9 | LWJM2 836 : 16 | LWJM3 755 : 8 | LWJM4 751 : 19 | LWSD3 1240 : 23 | LWSD4 1006 : 50 | LWSD4 813 : 18 | UBM6 926 : 6 | UBM7 875 : 10 | UBM8 845 : 5 | UBM9 825 : 2 | UGJQ1 2150 : 40 | UGJQ1 2361 : 64 | UGJQ2 1610 : 18 | UHRA3 1860 : 0 | UHRA4 1820 : 0 | UHRA5 1735 : 5 | UIB6 1004 : 1 | UIB7 955 : 8 | UJM6 1004 : 4 | UJM7 956 : 1 | UKF7 915 : 15 | UKF9 823 : 3 | UKFUG 825 : 28 | UKW3 1260 : 1260 | UKW6 1054 : 4 | USDA6 1203 : 1203 | USDAQ1 1913 : 23 | USDE6 926 : 4 | USKUG 825 : 25 | UYCAQ1 2365 : 0 | UYCAQ2 2002 : 2 | WKWQ2 1020 : 30 | WSDAQ1 1526 : 27 | WSDAQ2 1263 : 5 | WSDBQ1 1262 : 1 | WYCA3 1205 : 23 | WYCA4 900 : 0 | WYCAQ1 1890 : 90 | RWPA5 1816 : 64 | RWPA5 1830 : 10 | RWPA5 1830 : 10 | RWPALG 1790 : 40 | RWPALG 1796 : 4 | RWPALG 1799 : 1 | WHGS2 4747 : 29 | WHGS2 4744 : 96 | WHGS2 4800 : 80 | WHGS2 4697 : 3 | WHGS2 4707 : 3 | WHGS3 4700 : 100 | WHGS3 4743 : 7 | WHGS3 4781 : 48 | WHGS3 4672 : 6 | WHGS3 4490 : 60 | WHGS4 4588 : 12 | WHGS4 4598 : 6 | WHGS4 4550 : 48 | WHGSUG 4453 : 53 | WWSS3 4481 : 30 | WWSS4 4000 : 4000 | WWSS4 4400 : 100 | WWSS4 4400 : 0 | WWSS4 4450 : 21 | WWSS5 4349 : 1 | WWSSUG 4000 : 4000 | WWSSUG 4250 : 50 | WWSSUG 4302 : 2 | SBAS2 1270 : 45 | SBAS3 1250 : 38 | SBGJ2 1334 : 7 | SBGJ3 1320 : 3 | SBGO3 1330 : 10


Domestic Scenario: Ethiopia is known to be the center or origin and diversity for cultivated sesame. Sesame seed is one of the oilseed crops grown in Ethiopia. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world. Today, India and China are the world's largest producers of sesame, followed by Burma, Sudan, Mexico, Nigeria, Venezuela, Turkey, Uganda and Ethiopia.

Product Varieties: The improved varieties of sesame seen in use in the country include Adi, Abasena, Qelfo 74, Mehado-80, Argene, Terkamo, E, S, T-85 and Tate.

Agro-Ecological Conditions: The growth of sesame is indeterminant, as the plant continues to produce leaves and flowers so longs as the weather permits. Weighing roughly one ounce each, seeds of lighter colors are considered of higher quality. Sesame is drought tolerant though not tolerant of water logging.

While it has the potential to grow in different parts of the country, sesame grows mainly in the northern and northwestern regions of Ethiopia (Humera and Wellega). For areas with shorter rainy season periods, the planting period should fall immediately after the onset of the rainy period (June to mid-September). The planting period for areas with longer rainy seasons (late May to October) the planting period should fall in the middle of that period, during which the farmer can benefit from both the rain and sun. Additionally, sesame seed can grow well in lowland/humid areas with altitudes of up to 1,250m with preferred rainfall of 500-800mm.

Domestic Production: In 2005/06, Ethiopia's volume of main season sesame seed production was .16 million tons. During the same year, sesame seed accounted for 1.2 % of major crops production (including oilseeds and pulses). For the period, 1998/99-2005/06, main season production of sesame seed, on average, accounted for 0.5% of total national major crop production that includes cereals, pulses and oilseeds. In the last five years, the main season yield of sesame seed has reached a high of .89 tons per hectare.

Commercialization: Crop utilization survey data shows that, of the total national production of sesame seed, 32.31% was utilized for household consumption, 57.66% for sale; while the balance was used for seed, wage in kind, and animal feed.

In general, research result shows that, excluding the volume of grain set aside for consumption, seed and feed, 28% of total grain production (including oilseeds and pulses) is marketed, of which 40% is accounted for by oil seed crops in general.

Global Scenario: Ethiopia is a major sesame seed exporter in the world market. In 2005/06 Ethiopia exported 237, 565 tons valued at about 197.9 million USD (84 million Birr), accounting for roughly 94% of the total export earning from oilseeds and 19% of total national export earning. This increase in global demand has turned the highly domestic consumption item into an important export commodity. The world production of sesame seed, in 2004, reached 3.3 million tons in 2004, with world exports totaling 802,063 /valued at 650 million USD/ and volume of world imports reaching 903,368 tons /valued at 846 million USD/.

Prices: Sesame seed wholesale prices exhibited high intra and inter year variations during 2004-2006, reflecting domestic supply and the periodic trends of the global sesame seed demand and supply situations. For instance, available intra-year wholesale price variation /highest and lowest/ for the Gonder market in 2005 was 17%.

ECX Sesame Contracts Approved by ECEA March 29 2018.pdf