GMBS2 2834 : 286 | GMBS3 2591 : 137 | GMBS3 2755 : 145 | GMBS3 2651 : 140 | GMBSLG 2517 : 133 | LUBPAA1 1415 : 43 | LUBPAA2 1299 : 3 | LUBPAA3 1141 : 41 | LUBPAA4 1011 : 27 | LUBPAA5 931 : 27 | LUJM3 1000 : 61 | LUWL4 895 : 45 | LUWL5 857 : 27 | LWBP1 1517 : 0 | LWBP2 1495 : 4 | LWBP3 1532 : 102 | LWBP4 1260 : 61 | LWJM1 1180 : 28 | LWJM2 1080 : 73 | LWSD3 1325 : 106 | UBM8 990 : 10 | UBM9 965 : 5 | UGJQ1 1800 : 0 | UHRA4 2370 : 13 | UHRB5 2090 : 0 | UHRB6 1995 : 0 | UHRC5 2059 : 1 | UIB6 1123 : 2 | UIB6 1137 : 10 | UIB7 1070 : 1 | UJM6 1153 : 7 | UJM7 1070 : 0 | UKF4 1260 : 20 | UKF5 1210 : 11 | UKF6 1180 : 30 | UKF7 1110 : 34 | UKW3 1270 : 46 | UKW6 1213 : 4 | UYCAQ2 1700 : 27 | UYCB6 1350 : 10 | UYCB7 1240 : 4 | RWPA4 2360 : 140 | RWPA5 2350 : 130 | RWPALG 2330 : 97 | WHGS3 4000 : 2100 | WHGS3 4196 : 214 | WHGS4 4000 : 0 | WWSS3 4095 : 455 | WWSS5 4000 : 250 | WWSSUG 3000 : 87 | CRKCA2 1930 : 1930 | CRKCA3 1930 : 1930 | SBAS2 1610 : 39 | SBGJ2 1676 : 7 | SBGJ3 1660 : 10


Coffee is a beverage obtained from coffee plant’s fruit called cherry. The coffee plant refers to any type of tree in the genus madder family which is actually a tropical evergreen shrub that has the potential to grow 100 feet tall. Coffea arabica and Coffea robusta are the two most commonly cultivated species of coffee plant having economic significance. Arabica accounts for about 70 percent of the world's coffee production. Robusta coffee trees represent about 30 percent of the world's market.

The coffee trees grow well in tropical regions with abundant rainfall, year-round warm temperatures with no frost. The coffee tree needs an average temperature between 17° C to 23° C with abundant precipitation and good soil conditions for good growth. The coffee plant produces its first full crop of beans at about 5 years old and then remains productive for about 15 years.

 Domestic Scenario: Ethiopia is known to be the birth place for coffee. Coffee is the major export commodity cultivated in Ethiopia. Coffee grown in Ethiopia is known all over the world for it excellent quality and flavor. Today, Ethiopia stands as the biggest coffee producer and exporter in Africa and amongest the leading in the world.

Coffee Varieties: The type and grade of coffee is highly diverse in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is the producer for the several renowned varieties of coffee including Sidama, Yirgacheffe, jimma and Harar. Apart from these, there are several other famous varieties that Ethiopia produces. The Ethiopian coffee is processed in two ways, washed processing and the sundried processing.

Commercialization: The crop of coffee is the major earner of foreign exchange for the country. It is the primary exportable commodity that earns the valuable foreign exchange for the country. However, coffee is also having a vibrant domestic market.

Prices: Coffee prices exhibited high inter year variations from season to season. These variations are a combined effect of the factors reflecting domestic supply and the periodic trends of the global coffee demand and supply situations. Also the variation can be seen between different varieties and grades of the coffee also. Some varieties like the yeirgacheffe and sidama command considerable premium in the International markets. 

ECX Coffee Contracts approved by ECEA March 29 2018.pdf